If you’re a Linux user, you’re probably familiar with the name GIMP and not the software itself. GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is the closest thing we have to Adobe Photoshop. This is true not only on Linux, but on any other platform as well. This makes it a popular choice among Linux users, as Adobe does not make software for Linux. GIMP is completely free and open source, in contrast to Adobe Photoshop, which also makes it a very popular choice among Windows users. After 6 years of GIMP 2.8, our favorite Photoshop alternative finally got an update yesterday. GIMP 2.10.0 is available now for you to try and here is how you can install it on Ubuntu 18.04, 17.10 and 17.04.
GIMP 2.10 is the result of six years of work that originally focused on porting the program to a new image processing engine, GEGL. However, the new version comes with a lot more new features, including new and improved tools, better file format support, several usability improvements, revamped color management support, a plethora of improvements aimed at digital painters and photographers, editing metadata and much, much more.
The biggest change in GIMP 2.10.0 is perhaps porting almost all of the image processing to GEGL image processing engine. This allows for “high bit-depth processing, hardware-accelerated, multithreaded pixel processing, and more.” Also ported to GEGL (Generic Graphics Library) is the on-screen view for filters. This applies to all filters provided with GIMP 2.10.0.
Color management is now a core feature of GIMP with most preview areas and tools managed by color. While many of the existing tools have been improved, some new ones have also been added. This includes the Handle transform, Warp transform, and Unified transform tools.
New features and changes
- Image processing almost fully ported to GEGLenabling high bit-depth processing, hardware-accelerated and multithreaded pixel processing, and more.
- Color management is a core feature now, most widgets and preview areas are color managed.
- Lots of improved tools and lots of new and interesting tools like Warp transformation, Unified transformation and Handle transformation tools.
- On-screen preview for all filters ported to GEGL.
- Digital painting enhanced with canvas rotation and flipping, symmetry painting, MyPaint brush holder…
- Support for several new image formats added (OpenEXR, RGBEWebP, HGT), as well as improved support for many existing formats (in particular, more robust PSD import).
- Viewing and Editing Metadata for Exif, XMP, IPTCand DICOM.
- Basic HiDPI support: automatic or user-selected icon size.
- new themes for GIMP (Light, Grey, Dark and System) and new symbolic icons intended to darken the environment a bit and shift the focus to the content (the old theme and color icons are still available in Preferences).
How to install GIMP 2.10.0 on Ubuntu
The new version of GIMP has just been released, so it will be a while before a Linux distribution provides the updated version in their repositories. While ArchLinux is an exception to this, Ubuntu is not. However, new PPA repositories were made for Ubuntu 18.04 and 17.04 which should also work for Ubuntu 17.10. Ubuntu 16.04 is not currently supported due to inextricable Glib dependencies.
- Open Terminal from your app launcher or by simply pressing Ctrl+Alt+T on your keyboard. Run this command to add the PPA:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:otto-kesselgulasch/gimp
Enter your password when prompted (no visual feedback).
- Now that the PPA has been added, run the following commands to update the system and install GIMP.
sudo apt-get update (not required in Ubuntu 18.04) sudo apt-get install gimp
GIMP 2.10.0 is also available as a Flatpak. You will need to enable Flatpak support on your system first to install GIMP flatpak. This can be done using the following commands.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:alexlarsson/flatpak sudo apt update sudo apt install flatpak
Once flatpak support is added, run the command below to install GIMP.
On some systems, it is possible that installing GIMP 2.10.0 over a previous installation of GIMP will create problems. In that case, first uninstall the older GIMP and install the latest version. Alternatively, you can simply check for software updates using the GUI software updater after adding the PPA to update GIMP 2.8 to GIMP 2.10.0.
Uninstall GIMP 2.10.0 and restore GIMP 2.8
If for some reason you don’t like GIMP 2.10.0 and want to go back to GIMP 2.8, you can do it with this command:
sudo apt-get install ppa-purge && sudo ppa-purge ppa:otto-kesselgulasch/gimp
Now you know how to install and uninstall GIMP 2.10.0 on Ubuntu 18.04 and other OS versions. if you also want to install Skype on Ubuntu 18.04, we have a detailed tutorial for you.